Neck and Back Injury

January 25, 2011

Causes of Back Injury Pain

Filed under: Lower Back Injury — publisher @ 3:07 pm  Tagged , ,

Back injury pain generally reflects nerve or muscle irritation or bone lesions. Sprains, strains, herniated discs, and fractured vertebrae are directly associated with back injury pain. Many of our daily activities such as working in the garden or playing sports can cause back injury and back injury pain. For example, back injury pain may occur if you strain your muscles by lifting a child or fracture one of your back bones while playing sports.

The cause of a back injury can be a single traumatic incident or an accumulation of a number of injuries. More often than not, a back injury is caused by a combination of a number of factors over a prolonged period of time. Many factors at work and home pose risk of back injury. The following are some leading back injury causes.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

Accidents on the road are among the leading back injury causes. The head, neck, and back can easily get hurt from a motor vehicle accident, especially ones involving head-on collisions. A severe motor vehicle accident can strain the back muscles, sprain the ligaments, rupture the discs, or fracture the backbone, causing back injury and back injury pain.

High-impact Sports

Back injuries, especially lower back injuries (sometimes called lumbar injuries), are common among people who play high-impact sports (eg, football, hockey, soccer, and basketball). These sports involve intense and frequent motions such as twisting, and can cause back injury by putting substantial force/pressure on the spine and supporting muscles. Young athletes are particularly prone to sports-related back injuries. Sports participation is indeed one of the leading back injury causes in youth.

Poor Body Mechanics

Poor body mechanics such as bending, lifting, carrying, and reaching inappropriately (eg, bending the waist instead of the knees while lifting) can also cause back injury. Poor sitting, standing, and sleeping postures are associated with back injury and back injury pain as well.

Heavy Lifting

Heavy lifting can cause muscle strains and lead to back injury pain. Twisting while lifting could increase the risk of back injury. Frequent heavy lifting is one of the main back injury causes in the workplace.

Sitting or Standing for Extended Periods of Time

Sitting or standing for prolonged periods of time can put excessive stress on the spine and cause the back muscles to tighten up, which could lead to back injury and back injury pain.

Other Risk Factors

  • Degenerative conditions. As people age, the backbone and back muscles gradually lose strength and elasticity, and the intervertebral discs slowly lose flexibility. This makes the spine gradually lose its normal structure and function. Because of their weakened spine, elderly people are prone to back injury. Common degenerative spine conditions include slipped or herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and osteoarthritis.
  • Tumors and Infections. Tumors (eg, spinal cord and vertebral tumors) and infections in the spine can also weaken the spine and increase the chance of back injury.

Other factors associated with back injury and back injury pain include stress, excess weight, repetitive motions, smoking, congenital spine deformity, and lack of back flexibility. Failed back surgery could cause scar tissue to build up and eventually weaken the back thus increasing the risk of back injury and back injury pain.


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